Before you learn about the different types of birth control, it's important to understand the reproductive process and your menstrual cycle. Understanding how your body works can help you to choose the method of birth control that's right for you.
Reproduction and your menstrual cycle
Women have 2 ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. Every month, one ovary releases an egg into one of the Fallopian tubes. This is called ovulation. For most women, ovulation takes place 12 to 14 days before the start of the menstrual period (monthly bleeding).3,4
Women can become pregnant if they have sex around the time of ovulation. This includes sex that happens anywhere from a few days before to a day after a woman ovulates. During sex, a man ejaculates sperm into the vagina. The sperm travel up through the cervix and cervical mucus, through the uterus, and into the Fallopian tubes.3
If one of the sperm meets up with an egg waiting in the Fallopian tube, fertilization can take place. After some time, the fertilized egg moves down the Fallopian tube and enters the uterus. Here, the fertilized egg will attach and grow in the lining of the uterus, which has grown and become thicker since the end of the last menstrual period.3, 4
If fertilization doesn't happen, the uterus doesn't need the extra-thick lining it has built up, and it will begin to shed. This shedding of the lining of the uterus through the vagina is menstruation.4
Two glands, located on either side of the uterus, which contain the eggs released at ovulation, and that produce hormones.3
A muscular organ located in a woman's pelvis that contains and nourishes the developing fetus during pregnancy.3
Two tubes, located on either side of the uterus, which connect the ovaries to the uterus. After ovulation, an egg travels from the ovary to the uterus through one of the Fallopian tubes.3
Commonly called a period or menstruation, this is the part of a woman's monthly menstrual cycle when blood and tissue are discharged from the vagina.4
The lower, narrow end of the uterus, which protrudes into the vagina.3
The secretion from the lower end of the uterus into the vagina. It changes in quality and quantity throughout the menstrual cycle, especially around the time of ovulation.3
† This offer is valid only for patients with commercial prescription drug insurance and applies to prescriptions for Generess Fe. Most eligible insured patients will pay the first $25 and receive a benefit of up to $40 per 28-day supply, for up to 12 prescription fills. Patient out-of-pocket expense may vary. Please see full terms and conditions for details.
- 1. Generess® Fe prescribing information. Morristown, NJ: Watson Pharma, Inc. March 2012.
- 2. Data on file. Actavis Pharma, Inc.
- 3. Birth control patient education booklet. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/publications/patient_ education/ab020.cfm. Accessed January 28, 2011.
- 4. Menstruation patient education booklet. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/publications/patient_ education/bp049.cfm. Accessed April 6, 2011.
- 5. Hatcher RA, Trussell J, Stewart F, et al. Contraceptive Technology. 18th ed. New York, NY: Ardent Media; 2004.
- 6. Birth control pills. Planned Parenthood Web site. http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/birth-control/birth-control-pill-4228.htm. Accessed January 18, 2013.
Important Safety Information
GENERESS FE is an estrogen/progestin COC indicated for use by women to prevent pregnancy.
You should not use GENERESS FE if you are over 35 and smoke as it increases the risk of having serious heart-related events. You should not use GENERESS FE if you are at high risk of blood clots, if you have abnormal uterine bleeding, breast or liver cancer, liver disease, high blood pressure, or uncontrolled high blood cholesterol. Treatment with GENERESS FE should be stopped if you have a blood clot, and at least 4 weeks before and through 2 weeks after major surgery. You should not take GENERESS FE any earlier than 4 weeks after having a baby and should not take GENERESS FE if you are breastfeeding. If you experience yellowing of the skin due to problems with your liver, you should stop taking GENERESS FE. If you are pre-diabetic or diabetic, your doctor should monitor you while using GENERESS FE, and should evaluate you if you have any significant change in headaches or irregular menstrual bleeding. The most common adverse events associated with the use of GENERESS FE included nausea/vomiting, headaches/migraine, depression/mood complaints, pain with menstrual bleeding, acne, increased weight, breast pain/tenderness and anxiety. GENERESS FE will not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) or other sexually transmitted diseases.
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.